

Back to School! A Helpful Hints Page for Spinners, Weavers and Knitters! 

Thread Counts
Yarn
count or count of thread is the number of yards required to make one
pound of size one cotton, linen, or wool. This is the larger number in
the thread count (i.e., the '10' in 10/3). Note also that with cotton,
the larger number is generally on top (as in 20/2) and with wool, the
larger number is generally on the bottom. Size 1 cotton is 840 yards;
size 1 worsted wool is 560 yards, size 1 linen is 300 yards. Size 2
indicates that there is twice the yardage which is half the diameter of
size 1. Size 3 indicates that there is three times the yardage which is
1/3 the diameter of size 1. Size 10 indicates that there is 10 times
the yardage which is 1/10 the diameter of size 1, and so on. The
smaller number indicates the number of plies (i.e., the '3' in 10/3).
For example, in cotton, take the yarn count of cotton (840 yards) times
10 (because it is #10), to equal 8400, and divide by the 3 plies to get
2800 yards per pound. For 20/2 cotton, take 840 yards times size 20,
divided by 2, to equal 8400 yards per pound. Each different type of
fiber will have a different weight. Cotton, spun silk, rayon, and
acetate, are all 840 yards per pound. Wool, Cut System, is 300 yards
per pound. Wool, Worsted System, is 560 yards per pound. Wool, Run
System, is 1600 yards per pound. Linen, hemp, jute and ramie are all
300 yards per pound. Silk and Synthetic silk in weights of 1 through 20
denier are all 450 yards per pound.  
10/2? 3/12? To convert wool yarn weight (as in 3/12 yarn) to yards per pound, multiply
the bottom number (in this case 12) by 560 (for wool) and then divide the total by the top number
(3). For example, 3/12 wool is actually 2240 yards/pound. Fingering weight yarn is usually
considered around 1650  2200 yards/pound.
 
Viscose Viscose (or viscose rayon) is a regenerated cellulose fibre discovered by C.F. Cross and E. J. Bevan in 1891; the first commercial production was done in 1905 by Courtaulds. It is made from cotton linters or wood pulp usually obtained from spruce and pine trees. Initially viscose was called 'artificial silk' and later named 'rayon' because of its brightness and similarities in structure with cotton  the name is derived from sun ray plus cotton.  
Knitting Needle Conversion Chart US Metric 0 2 1 2.25  2.5 2 2.75  3 3 3.25 4 3.5 5 3.75  4 6 4.25 7 4.5 8 5 9 5.5 10 6 10.5 6.5  7  7.5 11 8 13 9 15 10  
Fahrenheit or Celsius To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 32 and multiply this number by .5556.To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, multiply by 1.8 and add 32.
 
Ratios in Spinning Most
spinning wheels come with more than one whorl on the flyer or bobbin in
order to help you choose the appropriate whorl for the type of fiber
and thickness of the yarn you wish to produce. If using a wheel which
is set up to give an 8:1 ratio, for each 'push' of a treadle, the drive
wheel (large wheel) goes around once, which causes the flyer to revolve
8 times. A 15:1 ratio would cause the flyer to revolve 15 times per
each treadling, or per each revolution of the large drive wheel; the
end result would put more twist into a given fiber per treadling, than
using an 8:1 ratio. Spinning very fine yarns will require more twist,
and thus a 15:1 ratio would be more appropriate for spinning silk than
it would be for spinning a thick wool yarn. OPINION:
But, the amount of takeup that your wheel is capable of providing to
place the yarn onto the bobbin is of as much importance as the ratio
you are using. Some types of wheels do not allow the flexibility of
tension adjustment that is necessary to provide a strong takeup. All
spinners have difference preferences, and some wheels are more
versatile than others . . .
 
Reed Substitution Chart When
planning a weaving project which utilizes a reed you do not have, you
can substitute by sleying your reed with open dents or extra threads in
the dent. To use this chart, choose a reed, which you have, from the
numbers along the horizontal row at the top of the chart. Follow the
column for that size straight down until you find the reed that your
pattern calls for. Then, go all the way to the left of that reed, to
find out how to sley your reed to match the one specified in your
project.




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This page last updated: 16 May 2012 